SBA Business Loans
Created in 1953, the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) assists small business owners and entrepreneurs in their pursuit of the American dream. The SBA is the only cabinet-level federal agency fully dedicated to small business and provides counseling, capital, and contracting expertise as the nation’s primary federal resource and voice for small businesses.
SBA 7(a) loans are the most common type of loan used in SBA business loan financing programs. Its name is derived from section 7(a) of the Small Business Act which authorizes the SBA to provide business loans to America’s small business entrepreneurs. All 7(a) loans are provided by banks and certain non-bank traditional lenders known as SBA “participants” working directly with and through the SBA.
SBA guaranteed loans of up to 85% of amounts borrowed up to $150,000 and guarantees of up to 75% for amounts in excess of $150,000 threshold. Maximum loan amounts of up to $5,000,000 are guaranteed by the United States Small Business Administration.
CDC 504 Loans
The SBA 504 Loan or Certified Development Company program is designed to provide financing for the purchase of fixed assets, which usually means real estate, buildings and machinery.
The Microloan program provides loans up to $50,000 to help small businesses and certain not-for-profit childcare centers start up and expand.
The average microloan provided through this unique program is about $13,000.
How SBA Loans Work
SBA loans are one of the most popular methods of finance available to small business owners but it is important to understand that the SBA is NOT a direct lender and does not actually originate loans. Instead, the SBA provides loan guarantees for designated and approved lending institutions (often community banks) who will then provide financing for small business owners with what is termed an SBA credit enhancement.
The SBA must be lender of last resort when the borrowing showing funds are not available elsewhere and additionally, the SBA also does NOT provide grant funds directly to business owners but assist certain types of businesses to qualify for federal grants under various programs. In general, the SBA addresses the needs of small business owners through three distinct ways or methods…
- Debt Financing.
- Equity Financing.
- SBA Guaranteed Surety Bonds.
- Interest Rates: Interest charged for SBA loans is lower than other loans, depending on your creditworthiness and how qualified you are for the loan.
- Loan Amounts: SBA will allow you access to as high as $5.5 million with the 7(a) program, which is really possible depending on your qualifications.
- Liberal Requirements: SBA loan requirements are the fairest among all small business and they offer repayment periods of up to 25 years for real estate, 10 years for assets and up to 7 years with working capital.
- Down Payment: SBA loans are the types of loans that require down payments, but rates are lower compared to most other types of loans.
- Flexibility: You can use an SBA loan for literally anything and that flexibility has a sense of freedom that allows you to even refinance existing debt, make upgrades, buy new land and much more.